The main legislations governing the chemical market in China is Order No. 12 of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE), Measures for the Environmental Management Registration of New Chemical Substances, also known as MEE Order No.12. This regulation came into force on 1 January 2021 and the previous regulation (MEP Order No.7) was simultaneously repealed.
Anyone who wants to research, produce, import, or process new chemical substances in China has to register before carrying out their activities. They are:
Chinese manufacturers and importers can register the chemical substances themselves. Overseas enterprises, however, must appoint a Chinese agent (Only Representative (OR)) who will share the legal responsibility with them to fulfil the registration and post-registration obligations. The OR should be acknowledgeable and qualified to carry out the registration activities.