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GPC - Global Product Compliance

Brazil: WTO Notification and public consultation for diverse chemical substances

2021-02-20


The Brazilian Health Regulatory Agency (ANVISA) has been submitting several proposals of the country’s agrochemical standards to the WTO in February. All of the modification proposals are open to public consultation until April 4th, 2021.

These proposals can be seen as a part of the National Fertilizer Plan and the country’s determination to enhance registration of pesticides. Most of WTO notifications are related to the modification of Maximum Residue Limit (MRL), Safety Interval (SI), and Acute Reference Dose (ARfD).

The correlation of chemicals and modifications is displayed in the following table.

Monographic Index

Name

CAS #

Propose

T32

Tebuconazole

107534-96-3

Include coconut cultivation with MRL of 0.01mg/kg and a 1-day safety interval (foliar application)

T24

Trifluralin

1582-09-8

Include peas, cowpea, chickpeas and lentils, with MRLs of 0.05 mg/kg and oats, rye and triticale with MRLs of 0.01 mg /k, both in a pre-emergency application, thus no safety interval defined.

D06

Deltamethrin

52918-63-5

MRL change from 0.05 to 1.0 mg/kg in sorghum culture; inclusion for rice, beans, corn and wheat, with safety interval not determined

M32

Methoxyfenozide

161050-58-4

Soil application for sugar cane cultivation, MRL of 0.03 mg/kg, and acute reference dose of 0.9 mg/kg

E32

Spinetoram

187166-40-1

Soil application for sugar cane cultivation, MRL of 0.01 mg/kg, and undefined safety interval

S13

S-metolachlor

87392-12-9

Inclusion of non-agricultural use, in pre-emergence, along fences, fire breaks, roadsides, pipelines, railways and strip under high voltage power transmission lines

M19

Metribuzim

21087-64-9

Inclusion of non-agricultural use, in pre-emergence, along fences, fire breaks, roadsides, pipelines, railways and strip under high voltage power transmission lines

G01

Glyphosate

1071-83-6

Inclusion of açaí, Brazil nuts, macadamia, pinhão, pupunha, with MRL of 0.1 mg/kg and safety interval of 15 days; other cultivation modifications

A29

Acetamiprid

135410-20-7

Inform MRL and safety interval as "Non-food use" for pasture, in foliar application. Acute reference dose 0.025mg/kg of body weight

P31

Propaquizafop

111479-05-1

Acceptable Daily Intake 0.015mg/kg of body weight; Acute Reference Dose not applicable

A60

Abscisic acid

21293-29-8

Include rice culture with MRL and safety interval not determined in a foliar application; Acute Reference Dose not determined

F69

Flupyradifurone

951659-40-8

Inclusion of coffee, melon, cucumber, pepper and tomato crops, maintaining the MRL and IS currently approved for the respective crops for soil application

C60

Zeta-cypermethrin

52315-07-8

Inclusion sweet potatoes, beets, carrots, ginger, yams, parsnips, turnips and radishes cultivation with MRLs of 0.05 mg/kg and safety interval of 7 days for foliar application; Acute Reference Dose of 0.04mg/kg of body weight

S16

Saflufenacil

372137-35-4

Inclusion of millet and sorghum crops, with MRL of 0.01 mg/kg and oats, barley and triticale, with MRL of 0.01mg/kg, both with safety interval not defined because of pre-emergency application

P53

Protioconazole

178928-70-6

Include corn crop in seeds modality, with safety internal not determined due to the type of use

C09

Cymoxanil

57966-95-7

Include the soybean crop, with MRL of 0.01 mg/kg and a safety Interval of 30 days for foliar application

F36

Flutriafol

76674-21-0

Change the MRL for onion culture from 0.1 mg/kg to 0.2 mg/kg

P13

Profenofos

41198-08-7

Inclusion of cowpea, fava beans, chickpeas and lentils with MRL of 0.1 mg/kg and a safety interval of 14 days for foliar application

C61

Beta-cyfluthri

68359-37-5

Change the MRL from 0.1 to 0.3 mg/kg and the safety interval from 21 to 3 days for the citrus crop, and change the MRL from 0.1 to 0.2 mg/kg for the tomato crop

C49

Carfentrazone-ethyl

128639-02-1

Changing the safety interval from 30 to 7 days for the soybean crop in the desiccation mode, maintaining the currently approved MRL

F23

Fluazifop-P

83066-88-0

Change MRL for beans from 1 mg/kg to 7 mg/kg and the safety interval remains of 60 days; Defines methodology for conformity

 

 

 

The agency also included de following chemicals/organisms in the list of the active ingredients of pesticides, household cleaning products and wood preservatives:

Monographic Index

Name

CAS #

N12

Neoseiulus barkeri

-

T72

1-Tetradecanol

112-72-1

D56

Z,E-7,9,11-Dodecatrienyl Formate

146321-32-6

A64

7-Dodecen-1-ol

16677-06-8

T71

Thiencarbazone-methyl

317815-83-1

C58

Alpha-cypermethrin

67375-30-8

C18

Chlorothalonil

1897-45-6

 

Among the substances highlighted previously, only C58 and C18 underwent changes in cultivations, of which are summarized as

Monographic Index

Name

CAS #

Alteration

C58

Alpha-cypermethrin

67375-30-8

The SI for 14 days in the cotton culture and the MRL for 0.15 mg/kg; include peanut culture with 15 days SI and MRLs of 0.05 mg/kg; change the SI for 14 days in the rice culture and the MRL for 2.0 mg/kg; change the SI in the potato culture for 3 days; include in the culture of sugarcane the foliar use modality with SI of 189 days; change the SI in the bean culture for 15 days and change the SIS in the tomato culture for 1 day; Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) = 0.02 mg / kg of body weight; ARfD = 0.04 mg/kg of body weight.

C18

Chlorothalonil

1897-45-6

Cultures of broccoli, kale, Chinese kale, Brussels sprouts and cauliflower, with MRLs of 0.5 mg/kg and SI for 7 days, sweet potatoes, yacon-potatoes, beets, yams, ginger, yams, cassava, parsnips, turnips and radishes, with MRLs of 0, 2 mg/kg and 7 day SI; include pea, cowpea, chickpea and lentil crops with 2.0 mg/kg MRL and 14 days SI; all with foliar application. The chemical is can be also used to cultivate duboisia for non-food use. The method for conformity is defined.

 

Interested parties can submit suggestions by e-mail cp.toxicologia@anvisa.gov.br using this form.

Update: 2021-02-20



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