In Russia the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) is listed in several governmental standards called GOST standards:
GOST 31340-2022 (Labelling of chemicals. General requirements)
GOST 32419-2022 (Chemical hazard classification. General requirements)
GOST 30333-2022 (Safety data sheet of chemical products. General requirements)
GOST 32423-2013 (Mixture classification of hazard for health)
GOST 32424-2013 (Classification for environmental hazards. General principles)
GOST 32425-2013 (Mixture classification of hazard for environment)
The standards published in 2022 are updated in accordance with the Seventh revised edition of the GHS (GHS7) and are valid in all EAEU countries and Uzbekistan. The standards published in 2013 are updated according to the fourth revised edition of GHS. The 2013 GOST standards are valid in Armenia, Belarus, Kyrgyzstan, Moldavia, and Russia. Additionally, GOST 32424-2013 is also valid in Kazakhstan.
GOST 32419-2022 (on classification) and GOST 31340-2022 (on labelling) came into force on 1 January 2023, while GOST 30333-2022 on safety data sheets will be implemented on 30 December 2023.
Until 30 December 2023 the current GOST 30333-2007 standard is applied when issuing Safety Data Sheets (SDSs), after that date the new GOST 30333-2022 standard with GHS7 will become valid and all SDSs will have to be issued according to that.
SDSs prepared according to the GOST 30333 standard is a part of the technical information that manufacturers and importers must provide for chemical products in Russia. The SDS for a chemical product must be prepared before first manufacturing or importing the chemical. According to the old GOST 30333-2007 standard the SDS is valid for 3 or 5 years depending on the hazard class of the chemical, however in the new GOST 30333-2022 standard the SDS has no expiration date.
The manufacturers and importers must provide the current SDS to any person who is likely to be affected by the chemical and to any person who asks for the SDS.
Please note that the SDS in Russia becomes valid first after its registration at “Coordinating Informational Centre of CIS Member States on approximation of regulatory practices” (CIS Centre).
The SDS should:
Be in Russian
Contain a “cover page” that contains information on the company submitting the application
Be registered by the Russian Insititute of Standarization
Contain the 16 standard sections
State the date of issuance or re-issuance
State the legal address and name of the manufacturer/person responsible for the product (can be Russian as well as foreign)
The SDS should be re-issued if:
The name of the responsible organisation/person changes
The composition of the chemical substance changes
More information about the chemical substance that completes the current SDS is obtained
Transportation of dangerous goods by road in Russia is regulated by requirements set out in the Agreement of 30 September 1957 concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR) and ordinance No. 2200 of 11 December 2020 for “Rules for transportation of goods by road”. Pictograms of chemical hazards used in ADR are based on the GHS transport labelling pictograms.