The Second revised edition of the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS2) is implemented in Türkiye with the Bylaw on Classification, Labelling, and Packaging of Substances and Mixtures (Turkish CLP). Turkish CLP came into force on 11 December 2013. The bylaw established a transitional period for implementation of GHS that ended on 1 June 2015 for substances and on 1 June 2016 for mixtures.
The Turkish CLP regulation is aligned with the EU CLP regulation and is amended regularly in accordance with its Adaptations to Technical Progress (ATPs). The current Turkish CLP regulation was updated on 10 December 2020 to accommodate the changes of the 13th ATP of the European CLP regulation. The regulation aims to provide high-level protection against the negative effects on human health and the environment of substances or mixtures that are placed on the market as well as allowing freedom of movement for those substances by classifying them.
Overall, the CLP regulation in Turkey has implemented most of the classification and criteria of GHS2. However, there have been exceptions in the implementation of certain categories as listed below:
Chemicals under Pressure, all categories
Flammable Gas, Category 1A (Pyrophoric gases)
Flammable Gas, Category 1A (Chemically unstable gases, all categories)
Flammable Gas, Category 1B
Aerosols, Category 3
Flammable Liquids, Category 4
Desensitized Explosives, all categories
Acute Toxicity, Category 5
Skin Corrosion/Irritation, Category 3
Aspiration Hazard, Category 2
Aquatic Toxicity, Category 2 and 3
Article 19 of the Turkish CLP Regulation contains the requirements for label practises and hazard communication contents. The label should contain the following in Turkish:
Supplier's name, address, and telephone number.
The nominal volume of the substance or the mixture in the package as supplied to the public, unless the volume on the package is indicated elsewhere.
Identity of the substance or mixture (name, EC number or CAS number)
Hazard pictograms (where applicable)
Warning words (where applicable)
Hazard statements (where applicable)
Precautionary statements (where applicable)
Additional information section (where applicable)
The preparation of Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) in Türkiye is regulated by two regulations: the Bylaw on Safety Data Sheets of Harmful Substances and Mixtures (2014), and KKDIK (2017). From 1 January 2024 SDSs must be authored according to the KKDIK.
Since the 2014 bylaw, authoring of SDSs has been limited to licensed authors who are trained and tested by accredited institutions. The KKDIK requires chemical safety assessors who are licensed according to Annex 18 of the KKDIK to prepare and approve the SDSs. The following general requirements are mandatory for an SDS in Türkiye:
The SDS shall be written in Turkish.
The SDS shall contain the 16 standard headings.
The SDS shall be dated.
A SDS shall be provided free of charge on paper or electronically.
The SDS shall be updated as soon as new information which may affect the risk management measures, or new information on hazards becomes available, once an authorization has been granted or refused, and once a restriction has been imposed.
The new, dated version of the information, shall be provided free of charge to recipients who have acquired the substance or mixture within the preceding 12 months.
The Turkish CLP regulation does not cover the provisions regarding transportation of dangerous goods. However, it covers the communication of hazards in the workplace for the protection of the worker as well as the protection of the end user. The official guideline of the regulation mentions that CLP is “a horizontal piece of regulation” that can be used complimentary to other regulations.
Ministry of Environment and Urbanization: industrial chemicals and coordination Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock: plant protection products
Ministry of Labour and Social Security: health and safety in the workplace Ministry of Transport
Ministry of Economy: import and export of chemicals
By-law on classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous substances and mixtures (11.12.2013/28848) also known as SEA
By-law on preparation and distribution of Safety Data Sheets (26.12.2008/27092)
GHS implementation status
Transport of dangerous goods
For international transport of dangerous goods, see “Implementation through international legal instruments, recommendations, codes and guidelines”
The Regulation on classification, labelling and Packaging of Substances and mixtures (SEA) was published on 11 December 2013 (Official Gazette No.28848) and entered into force on the date of publication, except for article 41 which entered into force on 1 June 2015. The regulations established a transitional period for implementation ending on 1 June 2015 for substances and on 1 June 2016 for mixtures. The regulation is aligned with the EU CLP regulation and is amended regularly in accordance with its adaptations to technical progress (ATPs).
A Regulation on Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals (Regulation 3015) was published on June 2017, containing among others, the requirements for safety data sheets. The regulation establishes a transitional period ending on 31 December 2023 for SDSs. On that date the currently existing Regulation on Safety Data Sheets will be repealed. The SDS requirements in the Turkish Regulation are aligned with those of the EU Reach Regulation (Commission regulation EU No. 453/2010).