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Welcome to GPC Argentina - Regulation

In 2018, a memorandum of understanding and cooperation for the management of chemicals was signed between Argentina and Brazil. Among its objectives, the memorandum aimed to exchange information (including the Brazilian study on chemical management) and to strengthen collaboration in the design of policies, regulations, and regulatory instruments for the management of chemical substances.

The National Law for the Management of the Risk of Chemical Substances was published in June 2019 with the purpose to create a harmonized inventory at the national level of all chemical substances produced or introduced in the territory and to strengthen the mechanisms for evaluating and managing their risk. The system is similar to the one proposed in Brazil: it will be implemented in phases; the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development is the main agency in charge; chemicals will be evaluated by a special committee that will create a hazardous chemical list (and will be prioritized for risk management); a 3 years adaptation time; and manufacturers’ and importers’ mandatory annual updates to the system will follow.

The local government issued Resolution 192/2019, which created a national list of existing, restricted, and prohibited chemical substances, and is continuously being populated. Moreover, Decree 504/2019 was closely published, implementing an interministerial group responsible for coordinating different governmental areas to guarantee national management of chemical substances, fulfilling the national and international commitments assumed.

The draft law of national chemical legislation was presented to public discussion in September 2019, right before the country’s election in October. In the end, the change in government affected further progress and the draft was withdrawn by Argentina’s executive power. Meanwhile, an improved version is ready to be published, but not to be presented to Congress since the new election is scheduled for October 2021.

 

 

Country

Argentina

National Regulation

Status

Draft

Regulation name

Draft National Law for the management of the risk of chemical substances

Anteproyecto de Ley Nacional para la gestión del riesgo de sustancias químicas - link

Objective

Establish a harmonized inventory at the national level for all chemical substances produced or introduced into the country, as well as the definition or strengthening of risk assessment and management mechanisms

Scope

Imported or manufactured substances, including mixtures

Further

substance lists

There is no further list of substances of concern on the current draft. A separate list is available here.

Exemption

Substances intended for research, radioactive, residues, on transit or warehouse, unintended, used in medicines or food additives, and natural substances

Affected stakeholders

Importers and producers when dealing with amounts ≥ 1 ton per year

Requirements

It is required to provide the following information:

  • identification data of the producer or importer of the substance
  • annual production and import quantity of the substance
  • identification, including CAS number
  • SDS, including recommended uses and hazard classification

Non-compliance

Sanctions’ modalities:

  • Fines
  • Temporary, partial, or total closure
  • Suspension
  • Revocation of authorization

Comments

A new draft version is expected to come out in 2021 defining:

  • better risk assessment and evaluation authorities
  • further implementation of GHS
  • hazardous substance monitoring programme

The new draft is to be presented to Congress later in October 2021, after national elections

 

  

Adoption of GHS

Argentina officially adopted GHS 5th version in 2017 through Resolution 801/2015, which was amended twice by Resolution 3.359/2015 and Resolution 155/2016. Altogether, GHS became mandatory for substances on January 1st, 2017, and for mixture from June 1st, 2017. In Argentina, the GHS is supplemented by the Argentine Institute of Standardization and Certification (IRAM) norms 41.400/2013 (SDS) and IRAM 41.401/2020 (Labels).


SDS / GHS Regulation

Status

In place (GHS 5th version)

Regulation name

Legislations:

  • Resolución 801/2015 (GHS-workplace) - link
  • Resolución 195/97 (GHS-transport) - link
  • Decreto 779/95 (GHS-transport) - link

Standards:

  • RAM 41.400/2014 (SDS)
  • IRAM 41.401/2013 (Label)

Implementation date

Workplace:

  • April 15, 2016 (substances)
  •  January 1, 2017 (mixtures)

Transport:

  • 1995/1997 as basis
  • recent amendments (variable dates)

Language

Spanish

National Service of Agricultural Food Health and Quality (SENASA), Argentina's pesticide management body, is in charge of pesticide registration oversight. Pesticides are inspected and tested by the national food inspection and quarantine bureau. Argentina's pesticide registration system needs a single registration licence for each pesticide. Furthermore, if a company wants to register a formulation, it must first register technical material. The Plant Protection Act (Law No. 4975) is the principal pesticide regulation.

A phytosanitary product must be registered in the National Register of Plant Therapeutics, either experimentally or commercially, in accordance with the provisions of Decree No 3489/58 and Decree No 5769/59, and in accordance with the Manual of Procedures, Criteria, and Scope for the Registration of Phytosanitary Products in the Argentine Republic, approved by Resolution SAGPYA No 350/99. The Fifth Edition of the MANUAL ON THE DEVELOPMENT AND USE OF FAO SPECIFICATIONS FOR PRODUCTS INTENDED FOR THE PROTECTION OF PLANTS is adopted for Argentina in the Resolution. This is a method of analysing enough scientific evidence to show that a product is useful for its intended purpose and poses no unreasonable dangers to human health or the environment. For product analysis, information on physical, chemical, toxicological, ecotoxicological, and waste properties must come from tests or studies conducted on phytosanitary products to be registered or their equivalents, according to internationally recognised protocols, such as the OECD Guidelines on acute oral toxicity, acute dermal toxicity, inhalation classification, dermal irritation, eye irritation, and skin sensitization.

A phytosanitary product presented to SENASA by a registrant that meets all the requirements set forth in the aforementioned Resolution No 350/99 receives a Certificate of Use and Marketing, allowing the product to be used for all of the purposes for which it was registered, as well as allowing the registrant to market it throughout the National Territory.

​A legal entity might be a person or a firm registered with the Department of Trade and Industry under the Company Act.​

Pesticides are only allowed to be registered if they are approved to be effective, safe, and of high quality.

For oversea manufacturers, they should appoint an Authorized Representative (AR).

To register pesticide it takes 8 days to complete the treatment.

Physical-chemical property determinations in phytosanitary products, phytotoxicity of oils and adjuvants, seed staining tests, and active ingredient identification and quantification assays.

- Typical turnaround time: 8 business days

- Extremely urgent: 5 business days

- Phytotoxicity determination: 15 business days

7-day processing time

Inorganic Contaminant Determination

Typical Time:

7 business days for one analysis

14 business days for two or three analyses

18 business days for more than three analyses

Urgent:

5 business days for one test

Two or three tests: 7 business days
More than three tests: 14 business days

Registration Process

GPC can help you with: 

  • Identification of compliance requirements under various guidelines including all data requirements.​
  • Data gap analysis and pre-assessment support​
  • Technical documentation support​
  • Pre and post-submission support and technical liaison with authorities.

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